Microscopes are instruments used to magnify the images of a small object. There are many different kinds of microscopes with different uses and properties used for different purposes. Microscopes are used in laboratories and academic experiments. To use microscopes we must know about them.
A simple microscope is an instrument that uses a single optical lens for the magnification of an object while a compound microscope is an instrument that uses two lenses for the magnification of images which includes one objective lens and an eyepiece. A simple microscope includes a hand lens, reading glasses, etc. while a compound microscope is a laboratory instrument.
Here, we will learn how a Simple microscope differs from a Compound microscope in its properties and applications.
Simple Microscope vs Compound Microscope
|Characteristics||Compound Microscope||Simple Microscope|
|Lenses (in number)||3-5 magnifying lenses||One lens|
|Mirrors||One side of mirror is concave while the other is plain||Both sides have concave reflecting lenses|
|Level of magnification||High-level||Only one level|
|Magnification power||Up to 2000x||Up to 300x|
|Invention||Invented by Hans and Zacharias Janssen in 1590.||Invented by Antony van Leeuwanhoek in 1670.|
|Lens||Only 1 biconvex lens with a short focal length||One objective lens and one eyepiece.|
|Use||Used in advanced ways to study the specimens in detail||Used in simple ways such as enlarging images while reading|
|Magnification adjustment||Possible||Not possible|
|Use of coarse, knobs||Present for focusing||Absent|
|Structure||Small stand with one hollow cylindrical attached to the base for holding the microscope.||A curved arm is used to hold the microscope|
The difference between a Simple microscope and a compound microscope explains how the properties of a simple microscope vary with the compound microscope. A compound microscope is used in laboratories for the examination of microscopic specimens for their detailed study, Simple microscope is used for the basic magnification of objects in our everyday life.
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