The first responsibility of forensic criminologists to stop a crime is to understand it. Forensic criminology deals with the identification and understanding of the behaviors leading to criminal activities.
Forensic criminologists assist law enforcement agencies and the criminal justice system in understanding the crime better and making effective policies to combat various crimes. Forensic criminologists play a crucial role in improving crime prevention policies and hold a complicated degree in criminology, criminal justice, etc.
Forensic criminology can be defined as studying criminals and crime scientifically to address investigative and legal questions. Forensic criminology is forensic and behavioral science which includes many subdivisions such as forensic science, criminal investigation, forensic psychology, criminalistics, crime reconstructions, victimology, and more. Professionals in this field apply their knowledge of criminology to criminal law and the criminal justice system.
Job Description of a Forensic Criminologist
Criminologists are usually involved in studying the nature and cause of crime and the offenders who commit them. Forensic criminologists often research the criminal’s social and biological background to determine the common traits found in the criminals and help the law enforcement agency prevent further crimes.
However, forensic criminologists differ from forensic scientists, who manage and analyze the physical evidence at the crime scene. Criminologists assist the forensic scientists at the crime scene. They profile the various criminals and victims, incorporating behavior as it overlaps with the physical evidence.
In addition to the investigation of various criminal cases, the responsibility of a forensic criminologist also includes participation in the legal process. The criminologists may provide testimony by testifying to explain the circumstances in which someone participated in a crime or submit written reports related to specific aspects of the criminal case.
Criminologists may also interview the offender to know more about their mindsets and motivation behind their commission of the crime.
Responsibilities of Forensic Criminologists
Various responsibilities of a forensic criminologist include the following:
- Gather and analyze the data about the multiple causes and different natures of the crime to determine criminal patterns and common traits found in the criminals.
- Research and analyze the offender’s social, biological, and psychological backgrounds to gain an understanding motivation behind their deviant behavior.
- Develop profiles of the offender type to help the law enforcement agencies for the identification of the potential criminals, to understand their behavior, and apprehend them more effectively and efficiently.
- Examine and analyze the crime scenes, evidence, and autopsies to determine what happened and under which profile category the offender falls.
- Prepare statistics and reports on the research findings for future reference.
- Help law enforcement and the criminal justice system develop crime prevention strategies and reform the various policies based on the research findings.
- Assess the social impact of the carious crime and determine how a criminologist addresses these issues.
Various Requirements of Forensic Criminologist include
- A Bachelor’s degree in the field of criminology, sociology and a master’s degree may be preferred.
- Forensic criminologists may require to possess a license for the practice.
- Excellent research and communication skills, critical thinking ability, and detail-oriented.
Forensic criminology is a new field that is developed from the study of sociology. Although the responsibilities of a forensic criminologist are not as glamourous and excitement-filled job as compared to other jobs in the criminal justice system. A career as a forensic criminologist is no less important.