Difference between Forensic Serology and Forensic Biology

A person looking at a sample in a compound microscope

Ever got fascinated by watching web series which revolved around criminal cases where police officials witnessed the crime scenes and forensic experts analyzed the crime for investigation purposes?

We are sure that kids these days are getting fascinated with the field of forensic science and have grown up watching CID where ‘Dr. Salunke was considered the forensic expert to everyone, but let’s make everyone aware that forensic science is not what’s shown in television shows and comes with a brighter and more modern approach where students can develop a promising career in the future. 

Talking about the term ‘Forensic,’ which is derived from the Latin term ‘forensics,’ which means that the investigation aspects are presented in the courtroom amongst the forum. It’s a scientific field where experienced forensic experts implement their reliable knowledge and accurate investigation techniques to investigate criminal cases. In addition, the experts collect the important source of evidence from the crime scene, which could be helpful to trace the victim and thus plays a prominent role in solving numerous criminal disputes.

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This field is divided into various divisions, and one needs to have enough practical and theoretical knowledge about all the fields to succeed as an excellent forensic expert. 

Fields of Forensic Science

  • Forensic Biology 
  • Introduction to Criminal Law
  • Forensic Chemistry
  • Applied Instrumentation 
  • Forensic Psychology 
  • Digital Forensics and Cyber Security
  • Forensic Toxicology
  • Forensic Physics 
  • Forensic Odontology
  • Forensic Anthropology
  • Forensic Serology
  • Forensic Entomology

Though it’s a vast syllabus to cover, all these divisions are divided into different segments to understand it in a better manner. In this article, we’ll start with discussing forensic biology and serology along with the significant difference between these two subjects because ultimately, we know that blood and DNA are the most essential biological pieces of evidence for forensic experts.

What is Forensic Serology?

Forensic Serology is the field of forensic science that swivels around the aspects of characterizing biological evidence and how forensic experts should collect fluid evidence from the crime scene.

Major fluid pieces of evidence include blood, semen, saliva, urine, etc. and serologist experts also implement appropriate methods for collecting and preserving these shreds of evidence until the case is solved because the main principle of forensic science is to maintain the ‘Chain of Custody’ while following all the relevant parameters.

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After discussing Serology, let’s move on to Forensic Biology. We all have studied biology since class 6. As a result, we have learned multiple things about human physiology, genetics, plants, other living organisms, and how things work,. However, now we’ll extend this channel a bit more and discuss a few forensic biology elements.

What is Forensic Biology?

This field of forensic science is significant because, with the implementation of beneficial techniques, experts produce authentic results on time, whether it’s related to solving paternity cases or identifying the blood sample found at the crime scene from the crowd of suspects and victims as a Forensic Biologist one needs to examine all the fluid evidence along with bones, hairs, teeth, insects, etc. to reach an ethical conclusion that would help to solve the case at a faster rate.

What’s the Major Difference Between Forensic Serology and Forensic Biology?

We have discussed both fields, and it’s evident that the major difference between the two is based on fluids and living organisms. Serology focuses more on fluid evidence, whereas biology relies more on collecting and analyzing fluid and genetic information such as DNA, bones to identify the criminals.

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Final Words 

Forensics is a spectacular field with a bright future. However, due to fewer resources, students often find it challenging to make their career in this sector. I feel that students should watch beneficial YouTube videos that provide genuine opinions and not blabber talks.

This field is very beneficial in identifying the criminal, solving past mysteries, estimating the date and time of death, and DNA analysis. The practical applications of forensic biology and serology are applied for solving paternity cases and collecting fluid evidence from the crime scene.

This field is growing steadily, and strong beliefs are asserted that students would take more interest in studying forensic science.

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