Contribution of Neuroscience to Forensic science | Criminal Investigations

Neuroscience is a multidisciplinary science that is concerned with the study of the structure and function of the nervous system. It encompasses the evolution, development, cellular and molecular biology, physiology, anatomy, and pharmacology of the nervous system, as well as computational, behavioral, and cognitive neuroscience.

Branches of Neuroscience

  • Neurophysiology
  • Neuroanatomy
  • Neuropharmacology
  • Behavioral neuroscience.
  • Developmental neuroscience.
  • Cognitive neuroscience.
  • Systems neuroscience.
  • Molecular neuroscience.

Researches mainly check out the individual’s brain activity like Alzheimer’s disease. Neuroscience helps in the diagnosis of a varied range of conditions which include mongolism, ASD, ADHD, addiction, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, system disorders like MS. Recent advances in technology have led to an exponential growth of interest during this field.

New techniques that generate markers of brain activity in vivo, such as electroencephalography (EEG), positron emission tomography (PET), and functional resonance imaging fMRI), have enabled researchers to systematically examine the neural structures and processes that are implicated in specific sorts of behaviors, including those related to crime.


Indeed, within the Criminal justice area, over the last 10 years approximately, there has been a rise in interest in neuroscience methods and their practical applications, and this has been reflected in an upsurge of research articles in academic journals, pieces in popular science magazines, and references to neuroscience findings in television crime shows.

Within the legal domain, Oxford University Press has released an influential series of books on neuroscience, law, and philosophy, examining topics like addiction, psychopathy, biomarkers, and punishment.

In forensic psychology, and to lesser extent criminology, it’s increasingly acceptable to seem to the brain and body for answers to the question of why people commit a crime.