Tools And Equipments Used In Crime Scene Investigation

Forensic investigators are called to the crime scene to collect evidence and examine them, which will help law enforcement agencies to use the report for the further proceeding of the case. Crime scene investigation is an exact science. Crime scene investigation need to be able to use many different tools and collect evidence in a way that does not contaminate it. A crime scene is not fixed. Any physical scene, anywhere, may provide potential evidence to an investigator, including the victim’s body, any building, vehicles, and objects found at those locations. Depending on the crime scenes and the type of crime that occurred, the investigator brings the kits, including the necessary equipment within. Hundreds of items make up a typical crime scene kit, which may include anything from Q-tips to bolt cutters to a hacksaw. Big or small, shared or separately owned, a crime scene investigator’s crime scene kit offers […]

Importance of Documentation In a Crime Scene

Documentation is a very vital aspect of crime scene investigation. Keeping the record of all sorts of data that we gather from the crime scene assists an expert to give better opinions and presumption of the situation by analyzing the documentation repetitively.  The documentation itself includes; taking the notes from observers or people around the crime scene, noting down the data of the crime which is specified by the first respondent, drawing sketches of the crime scene, and photographing and video graphing the whole scene through different angles with evidence. It is always advised to record all these details in brief as it is very crucial for further investigation. Consistency between each of these types is supreme. This recorded information develops the final report on the case. One more significant action is also sketching the crime scene along with the appropriate position of the evidence present there. The compiling person […]

Basic Techniques Used In Crime Scene Investigation

Investigating the crime scene thoroughly is one of the critical approaches to a successful investigation. We can refer to it as successful only if it follows certain principles and procedures. Crime Scene investigation is more often also termed a systematic process. A crime scene investigator or the responsible expert might have their ways of investigating the scene and giving their opinions. Still, there are specific procedures that each of them follows. For example, the crime scene of Arson will always differ from a crime scene of a homicide, but the rules and disciplines of approach will always be the same around whatsoever crime scene we are investigating.  Techniques Used in Crime Scene Investigation 1. Identify Scene Dimensions ∙Locate The Focal Point Of The Scene:- To start the investigation, we must identify the focal point so that we will not contaminate any significant evidence due to negligence and initiate the investigation […]

Bloodstain Pattern Analysis at a Crime Scene

Blood is the fluid connective tissue of our body. It is the only bodily fluid that helps in the overall growth of living beings and supports the life system. It is a highly complex mixture consisting of cells, proteins, and enzymes. Given that blood plays an important role in a living body, from a scene of a crime that perhaps could have involved physical struggles, the most expected evidence is blood. Among other body fluids which contribute to the category of biological evidence from the crime scene, blood is considered to be of extreme importance, mainly due to its abundance in the crime scene as well as in the human body. It is easy to find from the victim’s body and could provide ample information about the crime. Blood evidence can be used to determine the identity of a suspect or a victim via DNA tests. But other than DNA […]

Collection and Preservation of Documents From crime Scene

The investigator, while reaching the crime scene, locates the evidence like documents during the preliminary search. After locating them, the most important thing is collecting and preserving them to send them to the laboratories through a maintained chain of custody. In this article, we’ll go through the different processes for document collection and preservation. Documents found at the scene of a crime can be a normal document or a charred document. Collection and preservation of these exhibits is a must to lead the investigation in the right direction. Handling the document carefully and packaging it in suitable containers like cardboard boxes for charred documents and plastic sheets for a regular document. Along with the collection and preservation, we’ll tell you about the investigation process and tell you how to investigate a crime scene and what precautions you need to take to handle a document. Investigation of Documents at Crime Scene […]

Using Crime Scene to Develop Criminal Profiling and its Forensic Significance

Criminal profiling refers to the process in which the nature of a crime is used to make speculation about the personality and other characteristics of the expected offender. Criminal profiling is not extensively accepted in the psychological and legal community, and some courts have even ruled out profiling testimony inadmissible. There are two main reasons for this (Gudjonsson and Haward 1998): First, a criminal profile only gives a broad indication of the type of person who may have committed the crime. It does not point towards a specific individual who comes off to fit into the profile. It is therefore inappropriate for the profiler to declare whether it is more feasible than not that a specific offender did, in fact, commit the crime. Second, there is no scientific evidence to support the solidity and validity of criminal profiling in solving crimes. Indeed, it seems that when profiling does assist the police […]

Crime Scene Reconstruction For Effective Criminal Profiling

  Crime scene reconstruction is the reconstruction of a crime scene to understand the events that might have occurred during that period. Understanding of the area of the crime scene, the position of physical evidence, the body of a victim, etc. helps to get an idea of the events leading to crime. Recreation not just includes logical crime scene investigation, understanding of the scene design evidence, and research centre assessment of physical evidence, yet in addition includes methodical investigation of related data and the coherent definition of a hypothesis.   Importance of Crime Scene Reconstruction It is regularly valuable to decide the genuine course of a crime by constraining the conceivable outcomes that brought about the crime scene or the physical evidence as experienced. The conceivable need to reproduce the crime is one significant explanation behind keeping up the respectability of a crime scene. It ought to be comprehended that […]

Crime Scene Investigation: 6 Strategies For Successful CSI

The investigation is an inquiry done by anyone to reveal the truth. Crime scene investigation (CSI) refers to an inquiry done by the government officers mostly police to reveal the truth and bring justice to the victim. It is done in cases of criminal activity. Police have full authority to question any person so that the truth can be verified and revealed in the court of law. Crime, clue, and criminals all three meet at one point i.e., at a Crime scene. It is where a criminal demonstration occurs. Consequently, it contains records of past occasions and is a beginning stage for the crime scene investigation, since it will set up and demonstrate what occurred at the hour of the commission of the offence and will assist with distinguishing the criminal by the crucial confirmations found at this spot. A crime scene investigation is a long and repetitive procedure that […]