Biometrics: A Key that Solved 2,290 Cases in Dubai

Biometrics: A Key that Solved 2,290 Cases in Dubai

Biometrics is a biological and physical measurement of human body that can be used to identify an individual.

The General Department of Forensics and Criminology at Dubai Police has revealed that the biometrics have helped them to solve 2,290 criminal cases since 2017.

According to Major General Ahmed Thani Bin Ghalaita, the director of General Department of Forensics and Criminology said that forensic scientists are now able to adapt the new technology of biometrics to deal with the investigation rather than only depending on evidences found at crime scene.

He says that today the proactivity has become a binding act that is required to anticipate future challenges and develop solutions, practices and techniques to counter emerging criminal methods.

Therefore, as per the directives of Lieutenant General Abdullah Khalifa Al Marri, Commander-in-Chief of Dubai Police said that they have started utilizing biometric fingerprints other than the faceprint as visual forensic evidence to reveal identity of the accused.

It has been confirmed by Bin Ghalaita, that the Dubai forensic experts were able to successfully apply the forensic biometrics in the investigation to overcome challenges during the outbreak of COVID-19 that avoided faceprints while identifying perpetrators wearing face masks.

He explained that when the forensic biometrics combined with artificial intelligence systems, their effectiveness was satisfactory that aided the experts in many cases in finding evidence that acquitted suspects and condemned others.

The Dubai Police General Command has been recognized internationally for pioneering the application of multiple biometrics to analyze physical forensic evidence among police agencies in the world.

They have won the International Association of Police Chiefs IACP Award in 2020 for innovating the multi-model forensic biometrics technology, most notably the forensic gait analysis, that is a walking pattern of person.

Lieutenant Colonel Hamad Mansoor Al Awar, Head of the Video and Image Evidence Examination Section at the Forensic e-Evidence Department, explained that their primary duty includes extracting electronic evidence from devices received from the concerned authorities.

While in other cases that include visual film materials, they conduct analytical comparisons between the forensic biometrics seen in the graphic materials and those of suspects.

He added that they used to rely on a technology, analyzing faceprints per specific measurements.

However, when fingerprints or DNA traces were absent from crime scenes, perpetrators hid their faces, wore masks, or were too far from the surveillance camera, or the crime scene had poor lighting. However, this technology would become incapable of providing solid evidence.

It has been found that the department analyzes visual materials for multiple forensic biometrics such as fingerprints, faceprints, gait patterns, ear prints, handprints and body measurements, to aid investigators and ultimately serve the interest of the criminal justice system.

Al Awar said that their technological advancement in analyzing electronic forensic evidence has prompted local and international police forces to seek Dubai Police’s expertise and assistance in comparing multiple forensic biometrics.

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