Features of Stab Wounds

Stab wounds are also known as puncture wounds. These are the piercing wounds that are produced by the application of mechanical force along the long axis of a narrow or pointed object. They are classified mainly based on the depth of penetration and based on the causative weapon. Based on the depth they can be penetrating or perforating wounds. Based on the causative weapon it can be an incised stab wound or lacerated stab wound. Both of these are further subdivided into penetrating and perforating wounds.    Penetrating wounds are those types of wounds that terminate in the tissue/organ and cavity. Mostly only one surface wound will be present on the body due to the entry of the blade and no exit wound as the stab terminates in the tissue, organ, or cavity. Most deaths from stab wounds are homicidal, especially if found in an inaccessible area. The wounds are multiple, […]

Detailed Note on Chop Wounds

Chop wounds are otherwise known as slash wounds. They are a type of incised wounds made by chopping or hacking motion with a sharp and heavy weapon. They are deep gaping wounds caused by a weapon like a hatchet, an axe, sword, broad heavy knife, chopper, saber, or meat cleaver. These wounds are inflicted with a swinging action usually in a vertical or oblique plane from top to bottom and hence the head is the most favorable location of the attack. If the whole blade strikes the body at the same time, the depth may be the same throughout the wound. Usually, the heel of the axe strikes the surface first and will produce a deeper wound than the upper end. These types of wounds mainly causes amputation. The target for chopping attacks was found to be primarily the head and neck region, followed by the trunk. They were also […]

Unidentified Remains Confirmed of Gabby Petito by County Coroner

Teton County Coroner Dr. Brent Blue confirmed that the remains discovered by the investigators in the Bridger Teton National Forest are that of Gabby Petito. FBI through Twitter announced that Dr. Blue confirmed that remains are those of Gabby Petito and date of birth March 19, 1999. According to the FBI Denver division, the initial determination of her manner of death is homicide. According to the FBI, the cause of death will be confirmed after the result of a final autopsy. FBI Denver Special Agent in Charge Michael Schneider said, “The FBI’s commitment to justice is at the forefront of every investigation, The FBI and our partners remain dedicated in ensuring anyone responsible for or complicit in Ms. Petito’s death will be held accountable for their actions.” “Mr. Brian Laundrie has been named a person of interest, Anyone with information concerning Mr. Laundrie’s role in this matter or his current […]

Case Study of John F Kennedy Assassination

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States. The mishap of the Kennedy assassination happened on November 22 of the year 1963 at 12:30 pm. Kennedy was murdered during a motorcade in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald was the killer who was also a former marine and had defected for a certain time to the Soviet Union. The killing of the young president was thought of by many Americans and hence was an act of conspiracy rather than the act of an individual. The incident was the subject of widespread speculation. This article provides the details in brief on the former President John F Kennedy’s assassination. Also have a look at DC Beltway Sniper’s Case Study. About John F Kennedy John F Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917. He lived in Brookline for ten years in his childhood. He has been a part of United States […]

Search Operation for Brian Laundrie Resumes in Snake-Infested Swamps

On Tuesday police resumed the search of Brian Laundrie in Florida Carlton, a week after his family said they last saw him. Laundrie is the key to solve Gabby Petito’s case. The investigating agency has not been able to speak with him. Petito was the fiance of Laundrie, both Petito and Laundrie had been on a cross-border trip when she disappeared. Brian Laundrie returned to Florida on September 1 and after ten days Petito was reported missing. Investigators discovered Petito’s remains near Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming over the weekend. “Earlier today human remains were discovered consistent with the description of Gabrielle ‘Gabby’ Petito,” FBI agent Charles Jones told a press conference. “Full forensic identification has not been completed to confirm 100 percent that we found Gabby, but her family has been notified of this discovery,” he said, adding that cause of death had not been determined. On Monday […]

Detailed Note on Features of Incised Wounds

Incised wounds are otherwise known as slash or a cut. It is a type of mechanical injury that is produced by a sharp cutting weapon. The force when delivered over a very narrow area corresponding with the cutting edge of a blade of the weapon will cause orderly solution of the skin and tissues. Injuries like glassing injury, defense wounds are also included under the incised wound. Incised wounds can be produced by striking the body with a sharp cutting edge, due to swiping or drawing action of the weapon on body which will produce tailing at one end of the wound, or by sawing. The sawing action will produce multiple wounds on the skin at the beginning which will all merge into one at the end. If it is an antemortem injury then it will show signs of healing which it is accomplished with the regeneration and repair process. […]

Four Minors Killed by their 30-Year Old Father in Rajasthan

In Rajasthan’s Barmer district, a 30-year-old man poisoned his four minor daughters and dumped them in a 13 feet water tank before taking poison himself. The person is identified as Pukharam a resident of Poshal village in Barmer’s area. He was saved by civilians when they saw him jumping in the water tank. According to reports, Pukharam is believed to be in depression after the demise of his wife who died five months ago. His wife died due to Covid-19 infection. After the death of her wife, the minor girls were taken to his in-law’s house. According to police, Pukharam was worried about the upbringing of her daughters for which he approached his in-laws to marry his sister-in-law with him. “All the four girls drowned in the tank. Their bodies were shifted to the mortuary at a nearby hospital while Pukharam was admitted to the district hospital. The bodies were […]

Detailed Note on Laceration Wounds

A laceration wound is a type of mechanical injury caused by hard and blunt force impact characterized by the splitting or tearing of tissues. This happens when the skin loses its elasticity. The laceration wound is also known as tears or ruptures. Localized portions of tissue are displaced by the impact of the blunt force, which sets up traction forces and causes tearing of the tissues. A laceration wound is different from an incised wound because the continuity of the tissue is disrupted by tearing rather than clean slicing. The object used to cause the wound is pulled obliquely against the tension of the skin. It crushes and stretches a broad area of the skin, which then splits in the center causing a tear. Depending upon the presence or absence of vital reaction and, of course, the extent of bleeding, coupled with bruising of the margins helps to distinguish between […]

The Mysterious Murder Case Study of Bonny Lee Bakley

Bonny Lee Bakley was shot dead in a passenger seat of a car outside of a famous restaurant in Los Angeles. She was the wife of a Hollywood star Robert Blake who had gone inside the restaurant during the incident. Robert Blake was charged for his wife’s murder in 2002 and was found not guilty of crimes in the year 2005. The murder case of Bonnie Lee Bakley seemed to be like a Hollywood movie straight out of a movie plot. A Hollywood star active till 1997 had a great career as an actor and was active till 1997. In 2001, he again came to the limelight, this time as a murderer. Was he guilty or not? If not, who killed her. Let’s find out in this detailed article. Bonny was born on June 7 in the year 1956, in Morristown, New Jersey. Her dream as a young girl was […]

Factors Affecting Modification of Bruise

A contusion, also known as a bruise is the extravasation or collection of blood due to the rupture of blood vessels caused by the application of mechanical force of blunt nature without loss of continuity of tissues. It is caused by a blunt force impact causing crushing or tearing of subcutaneous tissue or dermis without breaking the overlying skin. As the blood vessels rupture, the blood gets collected underneath the tissue. This causes swelling and pain. Contusions may be present in the internal organs like the brain, lungs also. Contusions over the brainstem are often fatal. Contusions on the heart can disrupt the normal rhythm and can cause cardiac failure. Contusions when present on organs can rupture the cellular covering with resulting bleeding. If contusions are inflicted on vital parts like the heart, or neck then it may cause death. Multiple contusions can cause death due to shock, or hemorrhage. […]

Differentiate Between Hypostasis and Bruise

Hypostasis is also known as Postmortem Lividity, livor mortis, vibices, suggillation, postmortem staining. It is the purplish-blue or reddish-blue discoloration due to the settling of blood by the gravitational force within the dependent dilated and toneless small veins and capillaries of rete mucosum. It is an intravascular phenomenon and occurs in the dependent part of the body. The areas that remain in direct contact with the ground will not show staining. This is known as Contact Pallor. Lividity can occur in internal organs as well and hence can be confused with contusion of the organs or congestion. Post mortem lividity does not appear over scars or scarred areas as these areas are devoid of blood vessels.   A bruise is the extravasation or collection of blood due to the rupture of blood vessels caused by the application of mechanical force of blunt nature without loss of continuity of tissues. It is […]

Detailed Note on Contusions/Bruises

A contusion, also known as a bruise is the extravasation or collection of blood due to the rupture of blood vessels caused by the application of mechanical force of blunt nature without loss of continuity of tissues. It is caused by a blunt force impact causing crushing or tearing of subcutaneous tissue or dermis without breaking the overlying skin. As the blood vessels rupture, the blood gets collected underneath the tissue. This causes swelling and pain. Contusions may be present in the internal organs like brain, lungs, etc. Contusions over the brainstem are often fatal. Contusions on the heart can disrupt the normal rhythm and can cause cardiac failure. Contusions when present on organs can rupture the cellular covering with resulting bleeding. Postmortem and antemortem contusions can be distinguished as swellings, extravasation of blood, signs of inflammation, and hemorrhage are present only in antemortem contusions. If contusions are inflicted on […]

Detailed Note on Abrasions

Abrasion is also known as gravel rash is a type of mechanical injury that causes destruction of the skin, and is characterized by the loss of superficial skin or mucous membrane due to the application of mechanical force. The general thickness of the skin is 1.6 mm. Pure abrasions do not ordinarily bleed, but because of the corrugated nature of the dermal papillae, quite often the dermis layer also gets injured. This results in bleeding. This bleeding is rarely serious as only small blood vessels are involved. Generally, abrasion does not leave any scar on healing.  Abrasions can be produced due to sliding force or compression force. It is caused by friction against any rough surface or by compression. It can happen either due to falling on a rough surface, lateral rubbing action by a blow, vehicle accident, fingernails, thorns, or teeth bite. When sufficient friction is applied, complete or […]

The Mysterious Case Study of DB Cooper Case

Hijacking can be defined as the act of seizing an aircraft, vehicle, or ship by an individual or a group of people unlawfully while the vehicle or the aircraft is in transit. DB Cooper is used to describe an unidentified person who had hijacked a Boeing 727 aircraft in the air space of the United States between Portland and Seattle on November 24, 1971. The hijacker parachuted out of the aircraft with the collected ransom money. Even after an extensive manhunt, the hijacker was never identified or caught, which made the case of DB Cooper to be one of the greatest unsolved mysterious cases in U.S. history. This article provides information on the mysterious case of DB Cooper and also provides brief information on the recent amendments in the case. On the afternoon of November 24, 1971, a middle-aged man who was carrying a black case arrived at the flight […]

DC Beltway Snipers Case Study

Beltway sniper attacks also referred to as the D.C. Sniper attacks, were a series of interlinked shootings that took place during three weeks in October 2002 in the districts of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia. 10 individuals were killed and three other people were crucially wounded in the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area and along interstate 95 in Virginia. The shooters involved in the killing spree were John Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo. They randomly chose their targets and hence the life in that area was brought to a standstill. Here, in this article, we will discuss the details of the attacks, pieces of evidence found, and trials and investigations. The Shooters from Beltway Snipers Case There were two shooters involved in the entire shooting event of the beltway sniper attack. The older one named John Allen Williams changed his name to John Allen Muhammad after converting to Islam in the year 2002. He […]